بررسی تجمع زیستی فلزات سنگین مس، کادمیم و آرسنیک در رسوب و آبزیان سد خداآفرین

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

2 استادیار، گروه محیط زیست، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار، گروه شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ورود فلزات سنگین به محیط زیست به ویژه اکوسیستم‌های آبی به دلیل ورود به زنجیره غذایی و به خطر افتادن سلامت انسان، یکی از نگرانی-های جامعه امروزی می‌باشد. غلظت فلزات آرسنیک، کادمیم و مس در رسوب، نی و ماهی‌ زردپر، سیاه‌ماهی، کپور و سیم نمونه‌گیری شده از سد خداآفرین، با استفاده از روش هضم اسیدی خشک و دستگاه ICP-OES اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج آزمون ANOVA نشان‌دهنده وجود اختلاف معنی دار غلظت فلزات در بین نمونه‌ها بود (001/0 > p). رابطه رگرسیونی بین فلزات معنی‌دار بود (001/0 > p) اما بین غلظت فلزات در رسوب و غلظت آن‌ها در ماهی و نی همبستگی معنی‌دار نشد (05/0 <p). غلظت فلزات آرسنیک و کادمیم در رسوب و بافت عضله بیش از حد استانداردهای جهانی FAO و EPA است، همچنین گیاه نی در این منطقه مقدار قابل ملاحظه‌ای از هر سه فلز را در خود تجمع داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of heavy metals accumulation in sediment and aquatic organism in Khodaafarin Dam, Azarbaijan-Sharghi, Iran.

نویسندگان [English]

  • M., Zareh Reshquoeeieh, 1
  • A. H., Hamidian, 2
  • H., Poorbagher, 3
  • S., Ashrafi, 2
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Heavy metals occur in the environment special aquatic ecosystems. They may be enter in food chain and can affect human and animals health. In this study concentrations of heavy metlas, such as Cd, As and Cu were determined in sediment, common reed (Phragmites australis) and the muscle fish (Abramis bram, Varicorhinus dapoeta, Capoeta capoet, Cyprinus carpio) using drying ash method and inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) instrument. ANOVA analysis showed significant difference between metal concentrations between samples (P< 0.001). Linear regression of metal concentrations was significant (P< 0.001) and no correlation observed between metal concentrations in sediment, common reed and fish (P> 0.05). Concentrations of As and Cd in sediment and fish is above of standard guideline (EPA and FAO). Common reed accumulated execs of heavy metals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • heavy metals
  • Bioaccumulation
  • Fish
  • common reed
  • Khodaafarin dam

1 - Allen-Gil, AM., Landers, DH., Wade, TL., Sericano, JL., Lasorsa, BK: Heavy metal, organochlorine pesticide and polychlorinated biphenyl contamination in arctic ground squirrels (Spermophilus parryi) in Northern Alaska, Arctic, 1997: 50: 323-333.
2 - Al-Yamini, MN., Sher,H., El-Sheikh, MA., Eid, EM: Bioaccumulation of nutrient and heavy metals by Calotropis procera and Citrullus colocynthis and their potential use as contamination indicators, Academic Journals, 2011: 6(4):966-976.
3 - Barwick, M., Maher,W: Biotransference and biomagnifications of selenium copper, cadmium, zinc, arsenic and lead in a temperate seagrass ecosystem from Lake Macquarie Estuary, NSW, Australia, Marine Environmental Research, 2003: 56:471-502.
4 - Ebrahimi, M., Taherianfard, M: The effects of heavy metals exposure on reproductive systems of cyprinid fish from Kor river, Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 2011: 1:13-24.
5 - Ederli, L., Reale, L., Ferranti, F., Pasqualini, S: Responses iduced by high concentration of cadmium in Phragmites australis roots, Physiology Plant, 2004: 121 (1): 66-74.
6 - Eyong, BE: Distribution of arsenic and other heavy metals in sediments and their effects on benetic macroinvertebrates in the Gallinas river, San Miguel couty, New Mexico, MSc Thesis, College of Science and Mathematics, New Mexico Highlands University, 2008: 1-66.
7 - Fernandes, C., Fontainhas-Fernandes, A., Peixoto, F., Salgado, M.A: Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Liza saliens from the Esomriz-Paramos coastal lagoon, Portugal. Ecotoxicology and Environment Safety, 2007: 66: 426-431.
8 - Ghasemzadeh, Z., Arbab Zavar, MH: Arsenic Phytoremediation by Phragmites australis: green technology. International Journal of Environmental Studies‎, 2008: 8(9): 1668-1675.
9 - Gulec, AK., Yildirim, NC., Danabas, D., Yildirim, N: Some haematological and biochemical parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Munzur River, Tunceli, Turkey. Asian J. Chem, 2011: 23(2): 910-912.
10 - Gray, JS: Biomagnification in marine systems: the perspective of an ecologist. Marine Pollution Bulletin , 2002: 45: 46-52.
Karez,C.S., Magalhaes,V.F., Preiffer,W.C., Filho,G.M.A.1994.Trace-metal accumulation by algae in Sepetiba Bay, Brazil. Environment Pollution. 83, 351–356.
11 - Kataba-Pendias, A, Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, CRC Press, 4th ed, 2011, 534P:68.
12 - Klumpp, DW., Peterson, PJ: Arsenic and other trace element in the waters and organism of an estuary in SW England, Environment pollution, 1979: 19: 11-20.
13 - Lee, YH., Stuebing, RB: Heavy metal contamination in the river toad, Bufo juxtasper (Inger), near a copper mine in east Malaysia. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 1990: 45: 272–279.
14 - Lee, QD., Shirai, K., Nguyen, DC., Miyazaki, N., Arai, T: Heavy metals in a tropical el Anguilla marmorata from The Central Part of Vietnam. Water Air Soil Pollutant., 2009: 204: 69–78. Doi: 10.1007/s11270-009-0027-7.
15 - Mansour, SA., Sidky, MM: Heavy metals contaminating water and fish from Fayoum governorate, Egypt. Food Chemistry, 2002: 78: 15-22.
16 - Marquenie, JM: Bioavailability of micropollutants. Environmental Technology, Lessons 1985: 6, 351 – 358.
17 - Matasin, Z., Ivanusic, M., Orescanin, V., Nejdeli, S., Gajger, I. T: Hevy metals concentrations in predator fish, Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2011: 9: 1214-1218.
18 - Mol, S., Ozden, O., Oymak, S.A. 2010. Trace metal contents in fish species from Atuturk dam lake (Euphrates, Turkey), Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 10:209-213.
19 - Nehring, RB: Aquatic insects as biological monitors of heavy metal pollution, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 1976:15( 2).
20 - Noak, A., Grant, G., Cameron D., borough,C., David J: Colloid Movement through Stable Soils of Low Cation-Exchange Capacity, Environmental Science and Technology, 2000: 34 (12): 2490-2497.
21 - Ozuturk, M., Ozozen, G., Minareci, O., Minareci, E: Determination of heavy metals in fish, water and sediments of Avsar dam lake in Turkey, Iran Journal Environment Health Science Engeering, 2009: 6: 73-80.
22 - Perera, P: Heavy metal concentrations in the Pacific oyster; Crassostrea gigas, Msc thesis, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland. 2004: 1- 116.
23 - Prasad, MNV., Hagemeyer, j: Heavy metal stress in plant, from molecules to ecosystems. Springer- Verlag, Heidelberg, Berlin, New York, 1999: pp. 401.
24 - Rashed, MN: Egypt monitoring of environmental heavy metals in fish from Nasser Lake, Environment international, 2001: 27: 27-33.
25 - Rodney,E., Herrera, P., Luxama, J., Boykin, M., Crawford, A., Carroll, M.A., Catapane, E.J: Bioaccumulation and Tissue Distribution of Arsenic, Cadmium, Copper and Zinc in Crassostrea virginica Grown at two Different Depth in Jamaica Bay, New York, Author Manuscript, 2007: 29(1): 16-27.
26 - Sanjari, F., Kazemian, M., Askari Sari, A: Comparison of Pb and Cd accumulation in muscle tissue of fish species in the fishing area of Mahshahr port, National Conference on the Human Environment and Sustainable Development, March, 2009: Hamadan, Islamic Azad University.
27 - Sattouf, M: Identifying the origin of rock phosphates and phosphorus fertilisers using isotope ratio techniques and heavy metal patterns, Msc thesis, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland. 2007: 1- 194.
28- Turner, T: Kura-Aras River Basin Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis. UNDP-GEF DBEP Company, Kura-Aras TDA Final Draft, RER/03/G41/A/1G/31: Reducing Trans-boundary Degradation of the Kura-Aras River Basin, 2007: 122pp.
29 - Van Geast, J: Bioaccumulation of sediment-associated contaminants in freshwater organism: development and standardization of a laboratory method, PHD thesis, University of Guelph, Canada, 2010:1-232.
30 - Wagemann, R., Snow, NB., Rosenberg, DM., Lutz, A: Arsenic in sediments, water and aquatic biota from lakes in the vicinity of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada, Archive Environment Contaminant Toxicology.1978: 7(2):169-91.
31 - Ying, M: Monitoring of heavy metals in the Bottlary river using Typha capensis and Phragmites australis, Msc Thesis, Depatment of Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, University of the Western Cape, 2005: 1-90.
32 - Zeinali, F., Tajik, H., Asri Rezaei,S: Evaluation of copper and zinc in the muscles of some fish species in the Caspian Sea, IranianVeterinary Journal, 2008:4: 84-89.
33 - Zhang, HG., Cui, BS., Zhang, KJ: Heavy metals of natural and reclaimed tidal riparian wetlands in south estuary, China. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 2011: 23.