بررسی فراوانی آلودگی به انگل پرژوالسکیانا (.Przhevalskiana spp) در بزهای کشتار شده شهرستان جیرفت

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه پاتوبیولوژی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد- ایران

2 2- دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد انگل شناسی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران.

3 دانش آموخته دکتری دامپزشکی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه پاتوبیولوژی، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد- ایران

5 کارشناس آزمایشگاه، دانشکده دامپزشکی، دانشگاه شهرکرد، شهرکرد- ایران.

چکیده

بیماری هیپودرموز یک بیماری انگلی در گوسفند و بز می‌باشد که ناشی از مگس‌های جنس پرژوالسکیانا از خانواده اوستریده (Oestridae) است. پوست حیوانات اگرچه به ظاهر ارزش ناچیزی از کل وزن یک حیوان را شامل می‌شود ولی تبدیل آن به یک فرآورده چرمی‌ با ارزش بالا، اهمیت ویژه‌ای به آن می‌بخشد. زیان‌های مهم این انگل سوراخ کردن و تخریب بافت پوست بوده که یکی از معضلات صنایع چرم‌سازی است، و خسارات مالی فراوانی را سالانه به این صنعت واد می‌کند. این بررسی در کشتارگاه جنوب کرمان (جیرفت) جهت تعیین میزان آلودگی به بزهای کشتار شده به لارو مگسPrzhevalskiana spp.i صورت پذیرفت. بدین منظور سطح خارجی لاشه و سطح داخلی پوست بز‌های کشتار شده مورد بازرسی قرار گرفت. در این بررسی مجموعا 2400 رأس در طی چهار فصل سال ( هر فصل 600 رأس) معاینه شد. مجموعاً 201 راس (37/8 درصد) آلوده بودند که 44 راس (83/1 درصد) شامل جنس نر و 157راس (54/6 درصد) شامل جنس ماده بود. این اختلاف در میزان آلودگی در بررسی‌های آماری معنی‌دار نبود. اما آلودگی در فصل زمستان نسبت به فصول دیگر، معنی‌دار (05/0 > p) بوده و عدد P برابر 04/0 می‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of Przhevalskiana ssp. (Oestridae) infection in slaughtered goats in Jiroft city

نویسندگان [English]

  • yaser PirAli 1
  • masomeh Eskandari 2
  • hossein abbasi dehkordi 3
  • hamidreza Azizi 4
  • nader ahmadi 5
1 Professor, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord-Iran.
2 Graduated student, Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord -Iran
3 D.V.M., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord-Iran
4 Associate Professor, Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord-Iran.
5 Laboratory expert, Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord -Iran.
چکیده [English]

Hypodermosis is a parasitic disease in sheep and goats caused by Przhevalskiana ssp. flies. Animal skin, although it does seem to incorporate a small amount of the whole animal's weight, but makes it an high-value leather product give it a special importance. The important losses of this parasite are cut a hole and destruction of the skin tissue, that is one of the significant  problems of leather industry.This study was carried out in southern kerman slaughterhouse(jiroft) to determine the amount of infestation in goats slaughtered by larvae of  Przhevalskiana ssp. For this purpose, the external surface of the carcass and the internal surface of the shellfish skin were examined. In this survey a total of 2400 goats were examined during the four seasons of the year (600 heads per season). Totally of 201(8.37%) were contaminated of which 44(1.83%) were male goats and 157(6.54 %) of female goats have infected.  this difference in the amount of contamination was not significant in surveys. Infection (contamination) was significantly higher in winter than in other seasons.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • CGoat
  • Przhevalskiana
  • Hypodermosis
  • Hypoderma
  • jiroft slaughterhouse

1. Abo-Shehada, M.N. Batainah, T. Abuharfeil, N. and Torgerson, P.R. 2006. Przhevalskiana silenus myiasis among slaughter goats in northern Jordan. Veterinary parasitology. 137(3): 345-350.
2. Abutarbush, S.M. 2017. Veterinary medicine—a textbook of the diseases of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs and goats. (11): 1626-1628.
3 . Azizi, H. Pourjafar, M. Darabi, S. Assadian, F. and Kahkesh, F. 2007. A survey of seasonal infestation with Przhevalskiana larvae in slaughtered goats and sheep in South-Western Iran. Pakistan journal of biological sciences.10(21): 3940-3943.
4. Baghban, f. 1992. Prevalence of Hypodermic Infection and Hypodermosis in Livestock in Isfahan Slaughterhouse and Estimating Economic Losses Caused by It. Thesis of Veterinary Medicine. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Tehran University. 2034: 47-75. (In Farsi).
5. Bayat, A. 1988. General Geography of Iran's Natural and Historical Geography.Amir Kabir Press. 158-315.
6. Benz, G.W. Roncalli, R.A. and Gross, S.J. 1989. Use of ivermectin in cattle, sheep, goats and swine. Ivermectin and abamectin. 215-229.
7. Cheema, A.H. 1977. Observations on the Histopathology of Warble Infestation in Goats by the Larvae of Przhevalskiana silenus. Zoonoses and Public Health. 24(8): 648-655.
8. Cornall, K. and Wall, R. 2015. Ectoparasites of goats in the UK. Veterinary parasitology. 207(1):176-179.
9. Dalir-Naghadeh, B. 2007. Study of Seasonal infection with hypoderma and hypodermosis infection in Urmia slaughterhouse. DVM Thesis. Faculty of veterinary medicine. Tehran University. 1480: 16-15, 112-114, 120-121. (In Farsi).
10. Gaglio, G. Brianti, E. Ferrara, M.C. Falsone, L. Napoli, E. and Giannetto, S. 2016. Seasonality of goat warble fly infection by Przhevalskiana silenus (Diptera, Oestridae) in Italy. Small Ruminant Research. 135: 46-49.
11. Giangaspero, A. Alvinerie, M. Traversa, D. Paoletti, B. Lespine, A. Otranto, D. and Boulard, C. 2003. Efficacy of injectable and pour-on microdose ivermectin in the treatment of goat warble fly infestation by Przhevalskiana silenus (Diptera, Oestridae). Veterinary parasitology. 116(4): 333-343.
12. Jalalifar, M. Kalantari, M.H. Naderi, M. Moradi, M. Pourdehghan, D. Dehsh, G. Latifkar, M. Naderi, A.A. and Ruholamini, F.2012. Study of Kerman Province. Iran Publishing Company of educational books. Tehran-Iran. (2): 6-14
13. Kutzer, E. 2000. Treatment of oestriasis and hypodermosis in red deer (Cervus elaphus hippelaphus) and roe deer (Capreolus c. capreolus) with ivermectin (Ivomec). Berliner und Munchener tierarztliche Wochenschrift. 113(4):49-151.
14. Mahzoni, A. 1992. Study of Seasonal infection with hypoderma and hypodermosis infection in Kerman slaughterhouse. DVM Thesis. Faculty of veterinary medicine. Tehran University. 2042: 44-60. (In Farsi).
15. Oryan, A., Razavi, S.M. and Bahrami, S. 2009. Occurrence and biology of goat warble fly infestation by Przhevalskiana silenus (Diptera, Oestridae) in Iran. Veterinary parasitology. 166 (1): 178-181.
16. Otranto, D. and Puccini, V. 2000. Further evidence on the internal life cycle of Przhevalskiana silenus (Diptera, Oestridae). Veterinary parasitology.88(3): 321-328.
17. Otranto, D. Stevens, J.R. Brianti, E. and Dorchies, P. 2006. Human and livestock migrations: a history of bot fly biodiversity in the Mediterranean region. TRENDS in Parasitology. 22(5): 209-213.
18. Pfister, K. 2014. Control of bovine hypodermosis in Switzerland; looking back. Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde. 156(1): 39-43.
19. Sotiraki, S. and Hall, M.J., 2012. A review of comparative aspects of myiasis in goats and sheep in Europe. Small Ruminant Research. 103(1): 75-83.
20. Taghipour-bazargani,T. Baghban, F. and Rahbari, S. 2010. A survey of infestation with Hypoderma and affection to hypodermosis of cattle and goats slaughtered in Isfahan abattoir. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Clinical Sciences. 3(2): 2-13. (In Farsi).
21. Wall, R. and Shearer, D. 2001. Veterinary Ectoparasites, biology, pathology & control .2nd ed. Blacckwell Science, Ltd.
22. Yadav, A. Panadero, R. Katoch, R. Godara, R. and Cabanelas, E. 2017. Myiasis of domestic and wild ruminants caused by Hypodermatinae in the Mediterranean and Indian subcontinent. Veterinary parasitology. 243: 208-218.
23. Yadav, A. Katoch, R. Godara, R. Borah, M.K. Khajuria, J.K. Borkataki, S. and Ahamed, I. 2014. Occurrence and histopathology of Przhevalskiana silenus larvae infestation in sheep of Jammu, India. Journal of parasitic diseases. 38(3): 324-327.
24. Zumpt, F. 1965. Myiasis in Man and Animals in the Old World. A Textbook for Physicians, Veterinarians and Zoologists.