شناسایی انگل‌های ماهی‌های رودخانه شاپور کازرون، فارس

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کازرون، دانشکده دامپزشکی، گروه بهداشت و بیماری های آبزیان، کازرون، ایران.

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد کازرون، دانش آموخته دانشکده دامپزشکی، کازرون، ایران

چکیده

دراین بررسی تعداد 30 ماهی در سال 1393 از 4 گونه ماهی رودخانه شاپور شامل برگ بیدی، لوتک، گل چراغ و دشت ارژنی صید و پس از انتقال به آزمایشگاه انگل‌شناسی دانشکده دامپزشکی دانشگاه آزاد واحد کازرون از لحاظ انگل‌های داخلی و خارجی مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. در مجموع 12 گونه انگل شامل 5 گونه منوژن(Dactylogyrus carassobarbi Dactylogyrus holciki ،Dactylogyrus alatus ،Dactylogyrus pulcher ،Dactylogyrus sp.i و Gyrodactylus sp.i)، یک گونه دیژن (Allocreadium sp.i)، دو گونه نماتود (Rhabdochona sp.i وCucullanus sp.i) یک گونه سخت پوست (Lamprolegna sp.i)،یک گونه تک یاخته (I(Ichthyophthrius multifillis، یک گونه میکسوزوآ (Myxobolus sp.i) جداسازی و شناسایی گردید. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که بیشترین درصد آلودگی انگلی مربوط به داکتیلوژیروس و کمترین آن مربوط به لامپروگلنا و کوکولانوس بود. همچنین ماهی برگ بیدی و دشت ارژنی به ترتیب بیشترین و کمترین درصد آلودگی انگلی را به خود اختصاص دادند. بر اساس نتایج حا صل از این مطالعه D. alatus برای اولین بار در ایران از ماهی گل چراغ گزارش گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of fish parasites of Shapour River, Kazerun, Fars

نویسندگان [English]

  • A.R. Golchin Manshadi 1
  • A. Mashayekhi 2
  • Tarahomi M. 1
1 Department of Aquatic and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kazerun Branch Islamic Azad university, Kazerun, Iran
2 Gratuated of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kazerun Branch, Islamic Azad university, Kazerun, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In this study 30 fish were caught from 4 species of river fish Shapour River including Chalcalburnus sellal, Cyprinion macrostomum, Capoeta barroisi persica and Garra ruffa in 2014 and after transferring to the Laboratory of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University of Kazerun Branch were examined in terms of internal and external parasites. A total of 12 species were isolated and identified, including 5 monogenian speices (Dactylogyrus carassobarbi, Dactylogyrus holciki, Dactylogyrus alatus , Dactylogyrus pulcher, Dactylogyrus sp. and Gyrodactylus sp.),1 digenea (Allocreadium sp.), 2 nematod (Rhabdochona sp. and Cucullanus sp.) ,1 arthropoda (Lamprolegna sp.), 1 protozoa (Ichthyophthrius multifillis) and 1 myxozoa (Myxobolus sp.). The results showed that the highest percentage of parasitic infestation was Dactylogyrus and the lowest was Lamprolegna and Cucullanus. Also Chalcalburnus sellal and Capoeta barroisi persica allocated the highest and the lowest percentage of parasitic infection, respectively. Based on the results of this study D. alatus were reported for the first time in Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • protozoa
  • Metazoan
  • Shapour River
  • Kazerun
1.Abbasi, K., Moradkhah, S. and Sarpanah, A. N. 2007. Identification and distribution of fish fauna in Siahdarvishan River (Anzali Wetland basin). Pajouhesh va Sazandegi, 19(1) (74) :27-39. (In Persian).
2.Barzegar, M., Asadollah, S., Hemmat-Zadeh, A., Jalali, B. and Rahnama, R.2004. Parasites of fishes in Behesht-Abad River (Chaharmahal-o- Bakhtiary). Iran J Vet Sci; 1(1) : 67-74.(In Persian).
3.Berg, L. S. 1964. Freshwater fishes of USSR and adjacent countries, Vol3 (English version). Nauka, Mos, pp: 926-1382.
4.Bush, O.B., Ferandez, J.E., Esch G.W. and Seed J.R. 2001. Parasitism, the diversity and ecology of animal parasites. Cambrigde University Press. 652PP.
5.Coad, B. W. 1992. Freshwater Fishes of Iran. A checklist and bibliography Ichthyology Section. Canadian museum of Nature. Ottawa, Ontario. Canada. P. 66 .
6.Dehghani, A. 2005. Ecosystem of Parishan lagoon, Mehr publicatuin, Tehran, pp:205 (In persian).
7.Eslami, A., Anwar, M. and Khatibi, Sh. 1972. Icidence and intensity of heliminthiasis in pike (Esox lucius) of the Caspian Sea (Northern Iran). Rivista Italiana Di Piascicolotura Ed Ittiopatologia, 1, 11-14.
8.Farahnak, A., Mobedi, I. and Tabibi, R. 2002. Fish Anisakidae Helminthes in Khuzestan Province, South West of Iran, Iranian Journal of Public Health, 31, 3-4. 129-132 .
9.Fernando, C. H., Furtado, J. I., Gussev, A.V., Kakong, S. A. and Hanek, A. V. 1972. Methods for the study of fresh water fish parasites, University of Waterloo, Biology series. P. 76.
10.Golchin Manshadi, A.R., Jalali, B., Barzegar, M., Mostafavi, E., Raissy, M. 2009. Survey on mononens of native and introduced fish of Parishan Lake, Journal of Biopathology of Iran. 7(1) :194-198 (In persian).
11.Golchin Manshadi, A.R., Masoumian, M., Jalali, B. and Barzegar, M. 2012. Protozoan and myxozoan infections in some fishes of Parishan Lake, Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 10.3923/ ajava, pp.1-9.
12.Gussev, A.V. 1983. The methods of collection and processing of fish parasitic monogenean materials (In Russian), Nauka, Leningrad: 5-48.
13.Gussev, A. V. 1987. Key to parasites of freshwater fishes of the soviet USSR. Izd. Nauka, Leningrad, USSR: 379-523.
14.Gussev, A.V., Jalali, B.,Molnár and K.1993. Six new species of the genus Dactylogyrus (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) from Iranian freshwater fishes. Zoosystematica Rossica, 2:29–35.
15.Jalali, B. 1987. Lernaeasis in Cyprinid cultured fish in Iran (Master thesis). University of Godolo, Hungary. 17P.
16.Jalali, B. 1992. Description of Dogieliusmolnarin sp. (Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) from the gills of an Iranian freshwater fish, Cyprinion macrostomum (Heckel, 1843). Acta Veterinary, Hungaria, 40:239-242.
17.Jalali, B., 1997. Parasites and parasitic diseases of freshwater fishes of Iran. Iranian fisheries research organization, pp. 105-112. (In persian).
18.Jalali, B. and Monlar, K. 1990. Occurance of Monogeneans of freshwater fishes of Iran. Dactylogyrus spp. On cultured Iranian fishes. Acta Veterinary Hungaria, 38:339-342.
19.Jalali, B., Pappa, M. and Molnar, K.1995. Four new Dactylogyrus species (Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) from Iranian fishes. Folia Parasitologica, 42:97-10.
20.Jalali, B. and Rohani, M. 1997. Monogeneans parasites of the southeastern part of Iran and their zoogeographical peculiarities. Third International Symposium of Monogenea, 25-30 August 1997, Czech Republic, Papers and Abstracts, 75P.
21.Lom, J. and Dykova, I . 1992. Protozoan Parasites of Fishes (Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science) , Elsevier Science, Amesterdam. P. 316 .
22.Masoumian, M. and Pazooki, J. 1998. Infection of some fish speies to Myxospora in Gilan and Mazandaran Provines. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Science 7, 56-67.
23.Masoumian, M., Pazooki, J. and Ghasemi, R. 2003. Myxobolus infection in three Barbus spp. from the southern part of the Caspian Sea. Journal of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, 58(4) :329-334 (In persian).
24.Mokhayer,B. 1973. Study on the parasitism of Mugil auratus Riss, from the south Caspian sea. Riv. It. Piscic. Ittiop. 2:53.
25.Mokhayer, B. 1975. Study on the parasitic infection of fishes in river Sefid. Veterinary School Bulletin, Tehran, 4:36 (In Persian).
26.Molnár K. and Pazooki J. 1995. Occurrence of philometrid Nematodes in barboid fishes of River Karun, Iran. Parasitologia Hungarica, 28:57-62.
27.Mortezaei, S, Mobedi, I and Farahnak, A. 2000. Infection of some species of fresh water fishes to parasitic worms in Khouzestan Province, Iran. Iran J Fish Sci; 9(1) : 25-36. (In persian).
28.Raissy, M., Ansari, M., and Jalali, B. 2010. Parasites of three species of Capoeta spp. From Beheshtabad River, Iran. Journal of veterinary pathobiology.1(1) :38-41. (In persian).
29.Shamsi, Sh., and Jalali, B. 1997. First Record of some freshwater fish parasites (Monogenea) in Iran, 3rd International Symposium of Monogenea. Aug 25-30, Brno, Czech Republic. 76P.
30.Williams, J.S., Gibson, D.L. and Sadighian, A. 1980. Some helminth parasites of Iranian freshwater fishes. J. Nat. Hist. 14: 685-699.
31.Woo, P.T.K., 2006. Fish diseases and disorders, protozoan and metazoan parasites. CAB international, UK. 1: 32.