تاثیرقرص آهسته‌رهش روی، سلنیوم و کبالت بر عملکرد و برخی فراسنجه‌های خونی میش‌های آبستن و بره‌های آن‌ها

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم دامی دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان

2 استادیار گروه علوم دامی دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه لرستان، خرم آباد

چکیده

به منظور مقایسه‌ی شرایط سنتی موجود و استفاده از قرص آهسته‌رهش حاوی روی، سلنیوم و کبالت بر عملکرد میش‌های آبستن و بره‌های آنها، شش هفته قبل از زایمان 105 رأس میش نژاد مهربان به سه گروه 35 رأسی تقسیم شد: 1) تیمار شاهد؛ 2) تیمار دریافت‌کننده تزریق 10 سی‌سی سلنیوم بعلاوه ویتامین ‌E؛ 3) تیمار دریافت‌کننده قرص آهسته‌رهش. جهت بررسی عملکرد بره‌ها از اطلاعات حاصل از تمام 35 راس میش در هر گروه استفاده شد، اما جهت بررسی فراسنجه‌های خون و شیر از هرگروه 6 راس میش و بره آنها مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. نمونه‌گیری از خون میش‌ها در10 روز قبل و 45 و 90 روز پس از زایمان و از شیر آنها در روز 45 شیردهی و خونگیری از بره‌های آنها در10، 45 و 90 روزگی انجام شد. بالاترین وزن تولد و ازشیرگیری و افزایش وزن روزانه مربوط به بره‌های تیمار قرص بود (05/0>P). بره‌های تیمار قرص درصد تلفات و علائم بیماری ماهیچه سفید کمتری داشتند. فعالیت آلکالین فسفاتاز، غلظت روی و ویتامین ‌B12 پلاسمای میش‌های دریافت‌کننده قرص و بره‌های آنها نسبت به سایر تیمارها بالاتر بود (05/0>P). غلظت سلنیوم پلاسما و فعالیت گلوتاتیون پراکسیداز میش‌های دریافت‌کننده قرص و تزریق نسبت به میش‌های شاهد در 10 روز قبل از زایمان بالاتر بود اما 45 روز پس از زایمان فقط میش‌های دریافت‌کننده قرص مقادیر بالاتری داشتند (05/0>P). فعالیت گلوتاتیون پراکسیداز و غلظت سلنیوم پلاسمای بره‌های تیمار قرص نسبت به سایر تیمارها بالاتر بود. میش‌های دریافت‌کننده قرص غلظت روی، سلنیوم و ویتامین B12 شیر بالاتری نسبت به حیوانات در گروه‌های دیگر داشتند (05/0>P).

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of slow-release bolus of Zn, Se and Co on performance and some blood metabolites of pregnant ewes and their lambs

نویسندگان [English]

  • H. Aliarabi 1
  • A. Fadayifar 2
1 Associate professor, Animal Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Animal Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to compare the existing traditional conditions and the use of slow release bolus containing zinc, selenium and cobalt on performance of pregnant ewes and their lambs, six weeks prior to lambing, 105 ewes were divided into three groups (35 heads each) including: 1) control group; 2) selenium + vitamin E injected group; 3) slow-release bolus given group. Data obtained from all the 35 ewes in each group were used to determine the performance of lambs, but to determine the blood and milk parameters 6 of ewes and their lambs from each group were used. Ewes were blood sampled at 10 days prepartum and 45 and 90 days postpartum, and samples of their milk were collected on day 45 also blood samples of lambs were collected at 10, 45 and 90 days old. Body weight on birth and weaning of lambs and average daily gain of lambs were highest in bloused animals (P<0.05). Lowest percentage of mortality and white muscle disease rate were observed in lambs whose mothers were given bolus. Alkaline phosphatase activity, plasma concentration of zinc and vitamin B12 in bloused animals and their lambs were higher as compared to other treatments (P< 0.05). Glutathione peroxidase activity and plasma concentration of selenium of injected and bloused ewes on day 10 prepartum were higher as compared to control group (P< 0.05) , but these values on day 45 postpartum was only higher in bloused animals (P<0.05). Glutathione peroxidase activity and plasma concentration of selenium in lambs whose mothers were given bolus were higher as compared to other treatments (P< 0.05). Milk concentration of zinc, selenium and vitamin B12 in bloused ewes were higher than animals in other treatments.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • slow-release bolus؛ Ewe؛ lamb
  • Milk

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