اثر سطوح مختلف مکمل گیاهی بیوهربال (حاوی پودر زنجبیل و رازیانه) بررشد، تغذیه و ترکیب شیمیایی لاشه کفال ماهی

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه شیلات، دانشکده علوم دریایی، دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، چابهار، ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد گروه شیلات، دانشکده علوم دریایی، دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، چابهار، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر به منظور بررسی اثر سطوح مکمل گیاهی بیوهربال (پودر زنجبیل و رازیانه) بر شاخص‌های رشد (وزن نهایی و میزان رشد روزانه)، تغذیه (ضریب تبدیل غذایی، میزان غذای دریافتی، بازده مصرف پروتئین، بازده مصرف چربی، بازده تولید پروتئین و بازده تولید چربی) و ترکیب بدن (میزان پروتئین، چربی، رطوبت و خاکستر) ماهی کفال خاکستری به مدت 62 روز صورت گرفت. تعداد 450 قطعه لارو کفال ماهی با میانگین وزنی g 01/0±72/0 در طرح آماری کاملاً تصادفی با 5 تیمار آزمایشی و 3 تکرار ( با تعداد 30 قطعه در هر تکرار) که شامل تیمار آزمایشی شاهد (بدون استفاده از بیوهربال) و در تیمارهای آزمایشی 2، 3، 4 و 5 میزان استفاده از این مکمل گیاهی به ترتیب g/kg 5، 10، 15 و 20 غذا بود مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند. نتایج حاصله نشان داد که بالاترین وزن نهایی، میزان رشد روزانه، میزان غذای دریافتی، بازده مصرف و تولید پروتئین، بازده مصرف چربی و میزان پروتئین لاشه در تیمار حاوی g/kg 15مکمل گیاهی مشاهده شد.که با تیمار شاهد دارای تفاوت معنی‌دار بود (05/0>P). در مجموع بر اساس نتایج، افزودن g/kg 15 مکمل گیاهی (زنجبیل و رازیانه) به جیره غذایی ماهی کفال خاکستری به منظور بهبود شاخص‌های رشد، تغذیه و کیفیت لاشه در این ماهی پیشنهاد می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of different levels of bioherbal feed supplement (contains Foeniculum vulgare and Zingiber officinale powder) on growth, feed and carcase composition in Mugil cephalus

نویسندگان [English]

  • P. Akbary 1
  • Y. Negahdari Jafarbeigi 2
1 Assistant Proff of Fisheries Group, Marine Sciences Faculty, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran.
2 MSc Student of Fisheries Group, Marine Sciences Faculty, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different levels of bioherbal feed supplement on the growth performances, voluntary feed intake (VFI), protein efficiency ratio (PER), lipid efficiency ratio (LER), protein productive value (PPV) , lipid productive value (LPV) and body composition of Mugil cephalus for 62 days. This study was conducted in a completely randomized design with 450 of grey mullet larvae (with average weight of 0.72±0.01g) in 5 treatments and 3 replicates (n=30 in each replicate) and included: control group without using bioherbal, other groups including: treatment 2, 3, 4 and 5. The amounts of this herbal supplement were 5, 10, 15 and 20 g/kg food. The results showed that at the end of experiment, the highest FW, DGR, VFI, PER, PPV, LER and crude protein were observed in the diet containing 15 g /kg bioherbal supplement in all of these parameters. Furthermore treatment 4 (15 g/kg) showed a significant difference compared with control treatment (P<0.05). Finally, the present results suggest that diet containing 15 g/kg bioherbal supplement (ginger and fennel powder) could improve growth, feed performances and carcase quality of Mugil cephalus larvae.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mugil cephalus
  • Foeniculum vulgare
  • Zingiber officinale bioherbal
  • Carcass composition
  • protein production
  • growth stimulator

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