عنوان مقاله [English]
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the main causes of acne in the all of ages. Many drugs are prescribed to treat it. Utilization of water resources in order to secure access to new drugs is the issues that people are always followed. The present study investigated anti- bacterial effect of the serum of Cyprinus carpio and Hypophthalmychthys molitrix against two strains of Staphylococcus aureus the causative agent of acne. In this study, different concentrations of the serum of
C. carpio and H. molithrix1.16, 1.32, 1.4, 1.2, 1.8 placed on to nutrient agar and The experimental results of this study were achieved by determining of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) by serial dilution method, the percentage of inhibition of bacterial growth by using absorbance microplate reader device , minimum bacterial concentration (MBC) and the determination of zone growth by the disk diffusion methodantibacterial activity of the serum was evaluated using disc diffusion on two strains of S. aureus. Results of present study indicated that unlike A strain A of S. aureus (No. 48), strain B bacteria (No. 947) was not sensitive to common carp serum compared with the vancomycin antibiotic. Two strains of S. aureus bacteria were not shown sensitivity to silver carp serum. It can be concluded that C.carpio serum as a drug of natural origin can be used to eliminate strain A of S. aureus.
1 - Aboaba, O., Smith, S.I. and Olude, F.O. (2006). Antibacterial effect of edible Plant extract on Escherichia coli O157:H7. Pakistan Journal of Nutrient, 5(4):325-327.
2 - Ahmadi, K., Vosoghi, A. A., Mirvaghefi, A. R., Attai Mehr, B. and Banaei, M. (2010) Effect of dietary extract of Silybum mariamum as medicinal herb on some non specific factors in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Marine Biology Journal. Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Branch. 2:19-26.
3 - Alishahi, M., Soltani, M., Mesbah, M. and Zargar, A. (2012) Immunostimulatory and growth stimulation effects of Ergosan, levamisole and herbal extracts in Cyprinus carpio. Journal of Veterinary Research.2:135-142.
4 - Chen, X., Wu, Z. and Yin, J. (2003) Effects of four species of herbs on immune function of Carassius auratus gibelio. Journal of Fish. Sciences China. 10: 36-40.
5 - Darabpour, E., Poshtkouhian Bavi, A., Motamedi, H. and Seyyed Nejad, S. M. (2011). Antibacterial activity of different parts of Peganum harmala L. Growing in Iran against multi-drug resistant bacteria. EXCLI Journal, 10: 252-263.
6 - Ellis, A.E. (1999). Immunity to bacteria in fish. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 9, 291–308.
7 - Ellis, A.E. (2001). Innate host defense mechanisms of fish against viruses and bacteria. Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 25, 827–839.
8 - Harikrishnan, R., Nisha, M. R. and Balasundaram, C. (2003) Hematological and biochemical parameters in common carp, Cyprinus carpio, following herbal treatment for Aeromonas hydrophila infection. Aquaculture. 221: 41-50.
9 - Jian, J., Wu, Z. (2004) Influences of traditional Chinese medicine on nonspecific immunity of Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian). Fish &.Shellfish Immunology.16: 185-191
10 - Kitani, Y., Ishida, M., Ishizaki, Sh. and Nagashima, Y. (2010). Discovery of serum L-amino acid oxidase in the rockfish Sebastes schlegeli: isolation and biochemical characterization. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B.157 (4): 351-356.
11 - Kowser MM, and Fatema N (2009). Determination of MIC and MBC of selected azithromycin capsule commercially available in Bangladesh. The ORION Medical Journal 32(1): 619-620.
12 - Kresken, M., hafner, D., Schmitz, F. and Wichelhaus, T.A. (2004). Prevalence of mupirocin resistance in clinical isolates of Staphylococcus areus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. International Journal of Antibacterial Agents, 23: 557-58
13 - Magnadóttir, B. (2006). Innate immunity of fish (overview). Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 20:137–151.
14 - Mazandarani M, Ghaemi E, and Ghafari F (2009). Study antibacterial effect of Peganum harmala L. members at Golestan, Iran. Period of herb science,3: 27-38.
15 - Neef, H., Declercq, P. and Laekeman, G. (1995). Hypoglycaemic activity of selected European plants. Phytotherapy Research, 9: 45 - 48.
16 - Ogston A. (1984). On Abscesses. Classics in Infectious Diseases. Reviews of Infectious Diseases, 6 (1): 122–28.
17 - Rahbar, M., Hoseini Tagavi, S. A., Dibi, K. and Haidari, A. (2004). In Vitro antibacterial activity of Shallot (Allium ascalonicum) crude juice. Journal of. Medicinal Plants, 13: 26-29.
18 - Tenover, F.C. (2006). Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria. American Journal of. Infectious, 10: 564-573.
19 - Whyte, S.K. (2007). The innate immune response of finfish — a review of current knowledge. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 23: 1127–1151.
20 - Yang S., Yu, R., Chou, C. (2001). Influence of holding temperature on the growth and survival of Salmonella spp and Staphylococcus aureus and the production of staphylococcal enterotoxin in egg products. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 63: 99-107.