اپیدمی لپتوسپیروز در گاو، گوسفند و بزهای منطقه تالاب حله در استان بوشهر در سال 1382

نویسندگان

1 استادیار میکروب شناسی دانشکده دامپزشکی ،دانشگاه تهران،تهران،ایران

2 کارشناس سازمان دامپزشکی کشور،تهران،ایران

3 دانشجوی دکتری عمومی دامپزشکی دانشگاه تهران،تهران،ایران

4 دانشجوی دکتری عمومی دامپزشکی دانشگاه تهران،تهران،ایران کارشناس سازمان دامپزشکی کشور،تهران،ایران

چکیده

لپتوسپیروز یک بیماری مشترک بوده و انتشار جهانی دارد.مهم ترین منبع عفونت ،دام آلوده و مهمترین راه انتقال آن آب می باشد.اپیدمی های بزرگ معمولا به دنبال بارش شدید باران و رویداد سیل به وقوع می پیوندند.آلودگی به این باکتری باعث بروز عوارضی چون سپتی سمی،نفریت بینابینی،کم خونی همولیتیک و سقط جنین در اغلب گونه های دامی می گردد.تحقیق حاضر،اپیدمی لپتوسپیروز در دامهای اهلی منطقه تالاب حله در استان بوشهر در سال 1382 بررسی میکند.از 150 راس دام در منطقه شامل 40 گاو،60 گوسفند،50 بز نمونه سرم تهیه گردید. آزمون MAT بر روی نمونه ها صورت گرفت و حداقا رقتی که مثبت تلقی شد 1.100 بود.نتایج این بررسی نشان داد که 68 نمونه در آزمایش MAT دارای تیتر مثبت علیه لپتوسپیرا اینتروگانس بوده و سرووارهای غالب کانون به ترتیب شامل گریپوتیفوزا(36.76%) ، پومونا(30.88%) ، کانیکولا (23.53%) و شرمتی )8.82%) بود.جهت پیشگیری از لپتوسپیروز به ویژه در فصل بارندگی واکسیناسیون، افزایش سطح بهداشت،شناسایی دامهای حامل،و خارج کردن آنها از گله،مبارزه با جوندگان و بهبود وضعیت تغذیه ضروری می باشد.

عنوان مقاله [English]

Outbreak of leptospirosis in cattle, sheep and goats of Hilla wetland in Bushehr in 2003

نویسندگان [English]

  • H Esmaeli 1
  • M Moradi Geravand 2
  • M Hamedi 3
  • A Sharifi 2
  • H Kalateh Rahmani 4
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Iran Veterinary Organization, Tehran, Iran
3 Undergradute student of Veterinary medicine university of Tehran, tehran, Iran.
4 Undergradute student of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Undergradute Student of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease and has a worldwide distribution. The most important source of infection is infected animal and the main way of transmission is water. Major epidemics, usually fallowed by heavy rainfall and flood events. The bacterial infection causes complications such as septicemia, interstitial nephritis, hemolytic anemia, and abortion in most of livestock species. The present study examines the Outbreak of leptospirosis in domestic animals in Hilla wetland located in Bushehr province in 2003. Serum samples were obtained from 150 animals include 40 cows, 60 sheep and 50 goats. MAT exam was conducted on samples and dilution 1/100 and higher were considered positive. 68 sampels were positive. The predominant serovar include grippotyphosa (36.76%), Pomona (30.88%), canicola (23.53%) and shermani (8.82%). As leptospirosis was confirmed by the MAT, the necessary recommendations include vaccination, increasing the level of hygiene, Identification of carrier animals and removing them from the herd, rodent control and improving nutritional status were given the owner to combat the disease.

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